3D CAD Drafting

How Do Businesses prefer 3D CAD over 2D CAD drafting software?

Choosing Between 2D and 3D CAD Applications

It's an argument covering 2D vs. 3D CAD applications that rages with developers and designers. It works on both sides, touting the merits and preferences with opposing CAD choices' flaws. There would be a time when the argument seems academic to operations. Also, the project managers would have minimal exposure to its actual CAD interface. This article provides a clear perspective of the debate.

To begin with, the main difference between 2D and 3D applications should instead be self-explanatory. The 2D works solely on a single plane, while 3D allows the construction to realize three-dimensional surfaces fully. It is essential to note that 3D CAD makes proper usage of all image building techniques available within most 2D CAD applications.

It should allow users to open the third dimension and construct solid objects. It might seem that the signal at the end of the debate from the outset adds, why to argue that 2D CAD is superior in any setting if 3D CAD offers symmetrical capabilities. Therefore, the two other factors to consider when choosing 2D and 3D CAD software are required.

The first thing to note here is the price for how businesses prefer 3D CAD over 2D CAD drafting software. 3D CAD applications can inarguably be more expensive than older 2D software. It can sometimes tune to thousand dollars also. If you want to manage a small business or sole proprietorship, all you need is 2D CAD functionality. It's a software upgrade with making the wisest choice.

Secondly, 3D CAD applications are far more complex. The users overcome a much steeper learning curve. Since it moves an object from a 2D environment into a 3D environment, it can increase the surface areas adding detail exponentially. Along with this, the control systems in 3D CAD applications are more difficult to master.

If you run a small shop with less than four CAD users, you need to consider the immediate decrease in capability where the shop experiences the software changeover from 2D to 3D. It staggers 3D implementation by adding the best choice. It allows half of the design force with upgrade while keeping others working on 2D applications. It should give an overall output nominal. As soon as your designers have acclimated to a 3D workspace, one can continue upgrading in segments.

In short, there's no actual argument here. The 3D CAD applications are way superior in any design situation. However, implementation can cost more and would be time-consuming. Managers should be aware of this and plan CAD software upgrades accordingly.

If you're looking for any help regarding design and drafting services, well, we are here. Please don't hesitate to contact us at  Australian Design and Drafting Services  or call us at 1800 287 223 (Toll-Free).


How are CAD Design and Drafting Industry fighting New Cyber Threats?

Less than two decades ago, the primary goal of most CAD Design and Drafting organizations was to provide up-to-date CAD workstations and a pleasant working environment for their CAD engineers and designers. Even today, the training of a CAD engineer focuses on equipping the engineer with the ability to define engineering problems and to use CAD tools to solve the problems.

When a new CAD engineer is recruited by a CAD company, some of the most important lessons that the engineer may learn during orientation and training include the following:

  • Design projects should be performed with specific company-approved Suitable CAD workstations, and design tasks should be performed under well-defined company guidelines,
  • Security guidelines should be followed religiously in order to protect company information, and the exchange of design information should occur within well-established protocols,
  • Workstations and the work environment are fenced by a company firewall, and any attempts to work outside the system are considered as a violation of company policy.

The fact is that within the last decade, cyber terrorism has become prevalent and sophisticated. It is not only national governments and national defence systems, financial institutions, or infrastructure systems which are targets for cyber terrorism. CAD Design and Drafting companies also spend money and resources to protect themselves from cyber terrorism.

In this article, we try to answer the question: “How CAD Design and Drafting Industry fighting New Cyber Threats?” Because a complete answer to the question is not within the scope of this article, only these topics will be considered:

  • What is a cyber-attack?
  • How could a cyber-attack be waged on a CAD system?
  • What damages could a CAD company suffer from cyber terrorism?
  • How could cyber-attacks on CAD organizations be prevented or minimized?

What is a Cyber-Attack?

A cyber-attack is a malicious action which is designed to disrupt or cripple the computer systems of infrastructures, computer networks, or personal computing devices. The attacker or cyber-terrorist uses sophisticated methods to avoid detection because of the attacker’s intention to establish a foothold in the targeted computer system in order to steal, alter or destroy information in the system.

The methods used by cyber-terrorists include the planting of malicious software (malware) or viruses in the targeted system. When a cyber-attack on a CAD organization succeeds, the criminal or intruder could do the following:

  • Steal software or identities from the CAD organization,
  • Create denial of service to CAD engineers,
  • Steal or destroy intellectual property.

How Could a Cyber-Attack Be Waged on a CAD System?

Because methods of cyber-attacks have become increasingly sophisticated, it is necessary for IT engineers who work for CAD organizations to stay up to date with new cyber-attack methods.

The CAD engineer is too busy performing design tasks to become pre-occupied with cyber- attacks. Nevertheless, the CAD engineer should be keenly aware of avenues or entry points which could be open to the cyber-terrorist. These avenues could become open to the cyber-terrorist by performing these seemingly innocent practices:

  • Opening email attachments which could include malicious malware,
  • Downloading software, multimedia material, or unknown data from the web.
  • Inserting flash drives into USB ports.

Once a cyber-terrorist accesses the intended target, the criminal can quickly accomplish several tasks.

  • Probe for vulnerabilities and additional network access within the organization,
  • Use malware to establish additional breach points, so that the cyber-attack will be difficult to remove completely, even if the original point of attack is removed.
  • Establish network access; gather data such as account names and passwords. If the cyber-terrorist succeeds in cracking passwords, data can easily be collected from the victimized target.
  • Disguise the presence of planted malware on the network, in order to make it easier to return and steal more information, or to cause damage to the network.

What Damages Could a CAD company Suffer From Cyber terrorism?

It is not too difficult to imagine what types of damage a cyber-terrorist can cause to a CAD organization.

The main types of damage which could ruin or severely damage a CAD organization include:

  • Having designs stolen or destroyed. Even designs which are backed up within a cloud system will lose their proprietary status and could be exploited by competing organizations.
  • Suffering a denial-of-service attack which prevents CAD engineers from performing their work,
  • Having the network system brought down

Rather than try to enumerate other types of damage, it will suffice to mention vulnerabilities within CAD systems which have been exploited, or could be exploited by cyber terrorists.

  • The Stuxnet worm virus was used to target and damage Iranian centrifuges used to enrich uranium. The malware was sophisticated enough to make the technicians believe that the centrifuges were operating normally, while they were actually destroying themselves.
  • Malware in Bluetooth-enabled insulin pumps altered the dosage of insulin administered to a patient, with the intention of causing injury or death to the patent.
  • Malware planted within the software of a production machine could create defective parts while deceiving the production personnel into believing that they were producing acceptable parts.
  • The STL file format used for 3D Printing or AM (Additive Manufacturing) can be easily altered by malware so that 3D printers produce defective parts.

How Could Cyber-Attacks on CAD Organizations Be Prevented Or Minimized?

Cybersecurity or the ability to prevent new cyber-attacks or threats is a never-ending battle for IT professionals, because cyber crooks and terrorists are well trained, and they are always looking for new methods to practice their criminal behaviour. According to the viewpoint of a cybersecurity expert at CBIS (Washington DC-based Center for Strategic and International Studies), it may be more profitable for businesses to concentrate on detecting malware and on minimizing the damage they can cause.
CAD organizations could take additional steps to thwart the efforts of cyber terrorists. Some of these steps are:

  • CAD engineers should stay vigilant and should report any changes in the software environment to IT personnel.
  • CAD engineers should not open email attachments which do not come from well-known sources.
  • CAD engineers should not download data from sources outside their organization without the approval of IT personnel.
  • All USB or flash drives should be scanned for malware before they communicate with workstations.
  • CAD organizations should create segmented networks.
  • CAD organizations should promptly identify and quarantine unrecognized data within the network until the data has been cleared for safety.

If you all need any help regarding design and drafting services, please don't hesitate to contact us at Australian Design and Drafting Services or call us 1800 287 223 (Toll-Free) Australia Wide.

How to be Best Drafter or Designer in your Field

How to become Best Drafter or Designer in your Field

Get set your new year resolutions by adding and establishing some professional goals. Setting goals are crucial progress, especially when it comes to business or career. Here are a few of my professional goals for 2016. These are the things that work well on becoming a better drafter and designer this year.

If the above goals resonate with you, feel free to adopt and implement them in your professional career.There could always be something new to learn, and with all the resources available online, it would be more accessible than ever. One needs to learn something new about design, drafting, business, entrepreneurship, teamwork, marketing regularly.


If you're looking to work in a large office that is set from home as a freelancer, there would be a time when you'll find yourself working as a team. There would be nothing worse than a passive team member. Consumes but never contributes, also make it a goal to become more active in your team and contribute.


There's this old saying, "If it isn’t broke, don't fix it", is true, but don't let it stop you from trying new things. Sometimes it would be a good thing to get out of our comfort zone and try something new and different. Maybe it would be taken into a different design process, new marketing strategy or as simple as a new workstation layout. Trying new things is always an excellent way to challenge and help yourself grow.


In the last and a half year of running my drafting and design firm, we noticed networking is one crucial thing that's needed to grow businesses with ease. Instead, it would help set up a workstation to meet new people and discuss the requirements. We should take this as an opportunity to find outside our comfort zone. Get ready to grow your network with another freelancer, business owner, drafter and designer.


Back to my first statement, "you don't know everything". Asking for help is not a sign of weakness but rather a vital growth step. It's always important to have mentors from who you can seek advice. If you don't have one already, make it a goal to find a mentor this year. Hey, maybe it's going to be one of the new things that you try!


It could be easy to forget about work/life balance when you're passionate about what you do. Mainly, it's true when working from home, let this year add a new year when you set aside a reasonable amount of time for your family and friends and get time to recharge.


Always look for things that can be improved with fixing. It's not necessarily a bad characteristic but can hurt you and your business. Therefore, why not celebrate our wins rather than be demotivated from our failures. Set a goal to celebrate the successes, even if they are small. When one finishes a project, celebrate it. Celebrate if you have landed a perfect job or found a new client.

If you need help regarding design and drafting services, please do not hesitate to contact us at  Australian Design and Drafting Services  or call us at 1800 287 223 (Toll-Free) in Australia globally.

civil engineering cad solutions

Cost Effective CAD Solutions for Civil Engineering

Any big projects success depends on cost effective CAD solutions. Project Managers are very careful when it comes to spending money and it should be that way since its one of the best important resource of projects. Increasing the profitability and decreasing the overhead cost becomes most important factors for any successful projects. We are going to examine how Civil engineering firm can able to achieve cost effective solution with 3D CAD design and drafting.

When cutting down cost implement successfully,Engineering firm already half on their mark to achieve goals. some of them can get the fact wrong,Cost controlling is not just not doing certain things to save money, but it is doing things more efficiently. Most engineering firms would use 3D CAD for designing and drafting purposes to do things more efficiently, and thus, control the costs. It is easier said than done, so let’s see how it’s done.

With 3D CAD, things are built virtually from scratch. Prototyping is made easier. Even before the building is built, you can virtually check the strength of the building. But, what has this got to do with costs? There’s a relation, suppose if you just didn’t do calculate the strength of the building properly, and the building collapsed due to some minor natural forces. It can cost you a lot, isn’t it? There are instances where this has happened, we will discuss that in some other article later on.  So, my point is that with 3D CAD, we can simulate environmental factors. And when important elements are factored in, flaws can be eliminated. You are avoiding heavy costs.

In 3D CAD, you can start working on elements individually. You can make changes to an element individually. So, chances of screwing some element when working on another are rare. And revisions are easy. 3D CAD comes along with 3D mouse, this would enable you to govern the tasks better with more precision. With more precision, the design cycles will be shorter. And when design cycles are shorter, you are saving the time, Again! Yes, people are performing the tasks at a great speed with 3D CAD.

This is saving you time, and if you are saving time, you can work on additional projects. You would require fewer people with 3D CAD relatively. There, you are saving bucks again! Someone who says he doesn’t want to save time would be lying.  It’s all about being efficient and saving time. And saving time is cutting down costs. And one who does save the time will be a champion.

Are you looking for an expert who could probably take care of your CAD drafting and designing concerns in civil engineering? Australian Design and Drafting services is in the CAD drafting and drawing industry from last 10 years. So, no worries about the quality of the work Australian Design and Drafting has to offer. Australian Design and Drafting can help you out in cost control with its 3D CAD services. Australian Design and Drafting just does the job like an extended in-house team with a lower turn-around time. And yes, we have advanced tools like Revit , Civil 3D, Tekla, etc.

So, want to save costs and grow your business? We can even offer you a free trial project that will help you understand the quality of the work that we have to offer with CAD.

To schedule a personal meeting with our  Representative or contact Sales Team on: 1800 287 223 (1800AUSCAD)

For more information, log on to: www.astcad.com.au or drop an e-mail at: info@astcad.com.au



Drawing specification for the patent application

The overall appearance includes the shape, pattern, configuration, and ornamentation applied to a product to give a unique visual appearance. A design isn't to protect the way a product works. But if you're looking to preserve the way a product works is by distinguishing your business.

Moreover, a trademark distinguishes businesses from other traders in a visual way. A type of trademark is confused with a design in a shape trademark. It's a three-dimensional shape used to distinguish the goods or services from one trader to another.


To be entitled as an owner of a design, you must be:

  • That person that conceived the designer, the employer of the designer who made the Design while working for you.
  • The person contracted the designer to make the Design.
  • That person to whom the designer assigned the Design in writing.
  • Where two or more people own interests in a design, they must apply jointly.

The owner may be an individual, a company, an association or a partnership. However, if applying as a company, association or partnership, do not apply using a trading name or a trust.

The process for applying for registration of your Design involves several steps. One needs to ensure that you understand and complete each step to process quickly. There is a number of things before starting an application.  


Design registration intends to protect designs that have an industrial or commercial use. A registered design offers you, the owner, exclusive rights to commercially use, license or sell it.


A design comes with an overall appearance of a product. The visual features come with a form of Design that covers the shape, pattern, configuration, and ornamentation. A product offers something manufactured with ease. The mechanics show how a product works or operates that isn't protected with the right Design. But it protects the patent that Few designs cannot be registered legally. It includes designs for medals, layouts with integrated circuits, Australian currency and scandalous Designs.


  • To be entitled as a design owner that offers:
  • A person who conceived the designer.
  • The designer's employer, if the designer made the Design while working for you.
  • The person who contracts the designer to make the Design.
  • The person to whom the designer assigned the Design in writing.
  • The two or more people share common interests in a design.
  • The owner as an individual, a company, an association or a partnership applies as a company, association or partnership. They do not involve using a trading name or a trust.


  • The Design adds new and distinctive to be registered.
  • The new Design can be identical to any design previously disclosed anywhere in the world. It includes anything published anywhere in the world used in Australia.
  • Distinctive is not to be substantially similar to the overall impression where any design disclosed anywhere in the world. It includes anything published anywhere in the world or publicly used in Australia.
  • It supports an application stating how the Design adds new and distinctive, but this isn't mandatory.


If the application is filed in another country within six months of filing the Australian application, the date of your Australian application will apply to that country as well. The only case the country you use is a member of the International Convention.

One must prepare representations of the Design with complete forms and style needed by the foreign country.


It's hard not to tell something about what you're proud of or excited about, but one needs to keep Design a secret if one is looking to protect it.

For your Design to register to determine 'new' or 'distinctive', one can't publish it anywhere in the world or publicly use it while applying to register it.


Before one submits a design application, they search for previously registered designs. It determines whether your proposed Design for  new and distinctive  is worth registering or not.

A search determines if a similar design is registered already.


Australian design search includes up-to-date information, including all applications and registrations from 1986. All registrations captured from 1973 to 1985 remain active in 1985.

One uses the search tool that helps determine who owns a design if you want to obtain a licence that uses the Design, buy the Design, or loan money to the owner of a valuable Design by taking a mortgage over it.


The European Patent Organisation and the United States Patent and Trademark Office hold the two largest international design databases.

The World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO) links to the sites of international IP offices.


The secured party designs all security interest mortgage records on the national Personal Property Securities Register. The register finds whether there is a mortgage over a design with no longer a legal securities register. It claims security interests that include mortgages available through Australian design search.


An essential part of design search is interpreting the often-complex search results, and using these databases effectively is a specialised skill that can sometimes be time-consuming and costly.

If you need specific assistance, professional searches, or advice from intellectual property (IP) professionals and search firms, connect with us.


Drawings and images come with essential design registration. The drawings or photographs include good quality and accuracy that shows the overall visual features of your design as applied to the product.


  • There is no need for a specific view number. However, one must offer sufficient views with a full display Design.
  • We offer traditional views and accept perspective or isometric views.
  • The views show precisely the same Design. It mainly applies to colour. As colour usually adds a visual feature to the Design.
  • The representations should be consistent enough to work properly if your application includes a statement for newness with distinctiveness.

patent drawing specification


  • Drawings should be accurate, not sketches, and should work on A4 size paper.
  • It should show the Design in question with no descriptive wording or dimensions. However, the labelling views come with 'perspective view' or 'rear views.
  • It uses broken or dashed lines when highlighting product elements that bear the design's visual features. It covers the parts of the Design that refer to the newness and distinctiveness.
  • It provides a pattern that applies to part of a surface, stitching and perforations features established in an environmental context.
  • It covers shading and cross-hatching used as a visual feature of the Design.


Photographs or digital images should be in a clear form.

It should show the product against a contrasting background and avoid matter that's irrelevant to the Design for A4 or mounted on A4 white paper.


It adds multiple design applications for each Design that indicates each Design showing a separate sheet.


Sometimes a design applies to a part of a complex product that is readily assemble and disassembled from that product. Suppose the position qualifies as a product, then broader protection gains by defining it as a stand-alone part. As Australian Design and drafting, we help clients from Australia with patent design and drafting services. Our strict NDA agreement allows for protecting innovator rights.  Contact us  for more information.


patent drawing australia

Patent Application Guide for Australia

This is 2 part series for patent application guide for Australia and Drawing specification for the patent application

Part 1: Patent Application Guide for Australia

Patent Benefits:

The protection provided by the Australian patent system is a major contributor to the success of new inventions and the millions of dollars in earnings that they generate.

Some of the benefits are:

  • It gives you the right to stop others from manufacturing, using and/or selling your invention in Australia without your permission.
  • It lets you license someone else to manufacture your invention on agreed terms or take legal action against people who are using your invention without your permission.
  • It encourages Australians to continue their research, to develop new and innovative products, exploit new technology and promotes the transfer of technology to Australia.
  • It gives our trading partners the incentive to provide similar rights and thereby protect our exports in markets overseas.

If you want to protect the way your invention works then patenting may be the most appropriate option.

If your invention is new, not publicly disclosed and has commercial potential, then you are ready to consider what type of patent will suit your needs.


There are two types of patents granted in Australia - standard and innovation. You need to research them thoroughly before deciding which one suits your needs.

There are differences in the cost of the patents, the length of protection they offer, the time they take to process and the type of invention they seek to cover.

In order to have a patent granted on your invention, you need to file what is known as a complete application. Prior to filing a complete application, you can also file a provisional application. While a provisional application will not result in an enforceable granted patent it can be useful in establishing an early priority date.


As a general rule, the priority date for your invention is the date on which you first filed a patent application that described your invention in detail. To get the earliest possible priority date on your invention, you can file a provisional application.

A provisional application doesn't give you patent protection on its own (there are no 'provisional patents'), but it's useful in establishing an early priority date if you operate in a highly competitive industry where constant innovation requires you to get the jump on competitors.

A provisional application also gives you time to determine whether your invention is worthy of further time, money and effort associated with filing a complete application for a patent. It is also cheaper to file a provisional application than a standard complete application. You can read more information on time and costs.

Although the technical or scientific details of your provisional application are not published, we will publish details (the invention title and applicant name) in the Australian Official Journal of Patents at filing.

If you wish to claim priority from your provisional application you must file a complete standard or innovation application within 12 months of lodging your provisional application.

Remember - filing a provisional application on its own does not give you patent protection

All provisional applications lapse after 12 months. If you do not file a complete application associated with the provisional or file a   PCT application within this 12 month period, you will lose any priority that your provisional application may have provided.


the standard patent gives long-term protection and control over an invention. It lasts for up to 20 years from the filing date of your complete application (or up to 25 years for pharmaceutical substances).

The invention claimed in a standard patent must be new (novel), involve an inventive step and be able to be made or used in industry.

An inventive step means that the invention is not an obvious thing to do for someone with knowledge and experience in the technological field of the invention.

Your invention must differ in some way from existing technology, but the difference must have resulted from something more than the simple application of published information and/or standard background knowledge.

Before a standard patent is granted, the complete application has to be examined by IP Australia. Examination before the grant of a standard patent is mandatory and can take from six months to several years (depending on the circumstances).


An innovation patent lasts up to 8 years and is designed to protect inventions that do not meet the inventive threshold required for standard patents. It is a relatively quick and inexpensive way to obtain protection for your new device, substance, method or process.

An innovation patent is usually granted within a month of filing the complete application. This is because there is no examination before it is granted.

The innovation patent requires an innovative step rather than an inventive step, to protect an incremental advance on existing technology that may not qualify for standard patent protection rather than a groundbreaking invention.

An innovative step exists when the invention is different from what is known before and the difference makes a substantial contribution to the working of the invention.

If you want protection for an invention with a short market life that might be superseded by newer innovations, such as computer-based inventions, an innovation patent is worth considering.

Important: Examination of an innovation patent will only occur if requested by the patentee, a third party or if the Commissioner of Patents decides to examine the patent. An innovation patent is only legally enforceable if it has been examined by us, been found to meet the requirements of the Patents Act , and has been certified.

Benefits of the innovation patent

  • If it is examined and certified, the innovation patent offers the same level of protection as a standard patent in preventing others from copying your invention.
  • Unlike a standard patent, you only pay to have an innovation patent examined when you need to stop others from copying your invention.

Limitations of the innovation patent

The innovation patent is granted without examination, which means the validity of the application is not verified by us. This may make the patent more difficult to sell or license until the patent has been examined and certified.

Also, you are unable to go to court to enforce the innovation patent until it has been examined and certified.

An innovation patent can only be applied for in Australia. You have to apply separately to other countries if you want to enforce the patents overseas.


There are three main differences between standard and innovation patents.

  • The innovation patent is a relatively inexpensive form of IP protection. It is quick and easy to obtain for inventions that have a short commercial life or that offer comparatively small advances over existing technology but which do not have the inventive step required to get a standard patent.
  • The standard patent provides longer protection for inventions that have a longer development and commercialisation cycle. An innovation patent may be granted for the same subject matter as a standard patent but it has a shorter term of protection - 8 years as opposed to 20.
  • It is not necessary to have an innovation patent examined before grant (or even at any time after grant). However, an innovation patent must be examined and certified before you can enforce your rights. A standard patent application must be examined and a patent then granted before you can enforce your rights. In both cases, a fee must be paid prior to examination. Failure to pay the examination fee results in the standard patent application lapsing or the innovation patent ceasing.

Can an innovation patent be converted to a standard patent?

You can convert an innovation patent to a standard patent application in the period before it is accepted, but you have to be quick. That's because an innovation patent is accepted after a brief formalities check, which is usually within one month.

The quick guide to innovation versus standard patents

Innovation patent Standard patent
Your invention must: Be new, useful and involve an innovative step Be new, useful and involve an inventive step
The application should include: A title, description, up to 5 claims, drawings (if applicable), an abstract and forms A title, description, any number of claims, drawings (if applicable), an abstract and forms
A patent is granted if: The application satisfies formality requirements (note: a 'granted' innovation patent cannot be enforced unless examined) The application is examined and found to satisfy the relevant requirements of the Patents Act 1990
Examination: Optional. Examination can be requested by you or anyone else Mandatory. The relevant requirements of the Patents Act 1990 must be met before a patent is granted. Can only be requested by the applicant.
Certification: If the innovation patent complies with the relevant requirements of the Patents Act 1990 in examination; only after certification can the patent be enforced N/A
Publication in the Australian Official Journal of Patents : At grant and again at certification 18 months from earliest priority date and again at acceptance
Protection period: Up to eight years, if annual fees paid Up to 20 years, if annual fees paid (or up to 25 years for pharmaceuticals)
How long does the process take? Approximately 1 month for grant. Six months for examination if you make a request. Six months to several years depending on circumstances

Applying for a patent can be a complex and time-consuming process.

We have outlined all the steps that need to be taken in order to ensure that the process is smooth.

  1. Search patent databases, sales brochures and magazines to ensure your invention has not been created by someone else. If your invention was publicly known before you apply for a patent, you won't be able to get a patent.
  2. Decide which type of patent best suits your invention. You may wish to file a provisional application first; then decide between filing a standard, innovation or an international patent (PCT) application.
  3. Once it is filed, your application is checked and published . Please note that fees are payable at different stages of the patent process. An innovation patent is checked to ensure it satisfies the formality requirements, then granted and published in the official journal. A standard patent is normally published in the official journal before the examination.
  4. The examination is mandatory before a standard patent can be granted and must be requested by the applicant. An innovation patent will be examined if the examination is requested but this is not a requirement for an innovation patent to be granted. Examination of an innovation patent can only happen after it is granted. For either innovation or standard patent to be enforceable, it must have been examined. The examination can also be expedited for standard patents or expedited under the Global Patent Prosecution Highway (GPPH).
  5. Acceptance and grant of an innovation patent occur if it has satisfied the formality requirements. It is then published as such in the official journal. If the examination is requested and found successful then the innovation patent will be certified and published once again. A standard patent application is accepted once it has been examined and is then published. The standard patent is then granted if it is not opposed.
  6. Pay annual fees to maintain your patent. Innovation patents can be renewed for up to eight years and standard patents can be renewed for up to 20 years (up to 25 years for pharmaceuticals).

Some common problems

Many patent applications that are filed without professional help are not successful for one or more of the following reasons:

  • The original patent specification, whether provisional or complete, does not describe the invention properly.
  • The invention is not new because the applicant disclosed it to the public before applying for a patent.
  • The invention is not new because the applicant disclosed it to the public after filing a provisional application that did not adequately describe the invention; i.e. the provisional application did not provide an effective priority date.
  • The invention is not new when compared with things that are already known; e.g. it has been published in an earlier patent document.
  • The application is for something that is not patentable, such as a principle or idea, rather than its practical adaptation.


Applications for standard patents are called complete applications. A complete application is necessary to actually have a patent granted whereas a provisional application provides you with a priority date and signals your intention to lodge a complete application.

The subject matter of a complete application for a standard patent needs to be new (novel), inventive, and useful. The term of the standard patent is 20 years.

The invention will be referenced against background knowledge in its technical field. This is sourced from common work practices as well as standard texts and handbooks, technical dictionaries and other material in the field.

To be eligible for patent protection your invention must:

  • involve novelty (be new)
    • the invention has not been publicly disclosed in any form, anywhere in the world before the earliest priority date (the date at which the application is first filed)
  • involve an inventive step
    • the invention must not be obvious for someone with knowledge and experience in the technological field of the invention

The process of granting a standard patent usually takes up to 5 years.

Filing the application

You can request a patent for your invention using eServices or by using a Patent Request form.

In order to keep the priority date of a provisional application, you need to apply for your standard patent with 12 months of filing your provisional. If you have a patent application overseas (a convention application) and want similar protection in Australia, you will need to file your patent application within 12 months of filing your overseas application.

Your application form needs to be accompanied by a patent specification.

Publication of details

Details (including the invention title) of the unexamined standard patent application (level AU-A) is published in the Australian Official Journal of Patents about 18 months after the application's earliest priority date.

Published patent applications are made available to the public through our website and are sent to certain libraries and overseas patent offices.

The publication is an important step for two reasons:

  • It sets the date after which anyone using your invention without permission is unlawfully infringing your patent. That is, once you have a granted standard patent, you can take legal action for any infringements that occurred on and after the publication date
  • The contents of your standard patent application are no longer confidential. Your invention becomes part of the knowledge of the general public and may therefore subsequently assist in advancing industry and technology.

Note: Publication of a patent does not guarantee that the patent is valid.

If your standard application is accepted, the patent is republished as an AU-B level publication. If your accepted standard application is subsequently amended, it is republished as an AU-C level publication.

Requesting examination of standard patent applications

After a standard patent application is submitted you must request examination within 5 years of the filing date. Typically, after 4 years from filing your application, we will direct you to request examination if you have not done so already. You must request examination within 2 months of the date of this direction or your application will lapse.

You can request examination (either voluntarily or after being directed to do so) by completing and submitting a Request for Examination and paying fees.

Once the examination is requested you can normally expect a reply within about 12 months, depending on our workload.

After examination, either an adverse report or a notice of acceptance is mailed. If it is an adverse report, you will have the opportunity to make changes to your application to overcome the objections in the report.

In response to your changes, subsequent adverse reports may be issued until all objections have been overcome. Once all objections are overcome, your application will be accepted.

If no response is filed within 21 months from the date of the first adverse report, your complete application will lapse.

Similarly, if you have not successfully addressed all the issues in the adverse reports within 21 months from the date of the first adverse report, your complete application will lapse

Important: If you request an examination on or after 15 April 2013, you will only have 12 months from the date of the first adverse report to overcome the objections or your application will lapse.

Acceptance, opposition and grant of the standard patent

Once all objections in the examination report are overcome, your application for a standard patent is accepted. Before the patent is granted, other parties (opponents) have three months to start opposition proceedings.

The most common reasons for opposing the grant of standard patents are:

  • the application is identical or very similar to another patent application
  • the patent applicant is not the true owner of the application

The opponent must show that your standard patent if granted, would be invalid.

When an opposition is filed, the patent applicant and the opponent each have an opportunity to submit evidence.

A hearing is then held before a Hearing Officer, who decides whether or not the opposition succeeds. If the opposition is successful, the patent applicant is usually given an opportunity to amend their patent application to overcome the problems.

If either party disagrees with the Hearing Officer's decision, they can file an appeal with the Federal Court of Australia.

Less than 2% of accepted standard applications are opposed, but if your application is opposed, you should consider consulting an IP professional.

If no opposition is filed and the acceptance fees are paid, your accepted standard application is sealed and a patent deed is sent to you.

What happens if I miss a deadline?

You may need to apply for an extension of time to restore a patent or patent application that has lapsed or ceased because you failed to pay a fee or take some other action in time.

For example, perhaps you have lost your priority rights because you did not file a complete application within 12 months of your provisional application.

To gain an extension of time you must explain in a declaration the chain of events that caused you to fail to take the action you should have done. You will need to pay any fees associated with your extension of time request and pay any unpaid fees (e.g. renewal fees). The outcome of this request will be assessed on a case by case basis. There is no guarantee that you will get the extension of time you requested.

Applications for innovation patents are called complete applications. A complete application is necessary to actually have a patent granted whereas a provisional application provides you with a priority date and signals your intention to lodge a complete application.

An innovation patent provides fast protection and is suitable for a device, substance, method or process that does not have the inventive step requirement needed to obtain a standard patent.

The owner of any new and useful invention that involves an innovative step can file an innovation patent application. The process to get a granted innovation patent is not as astringent a process as for a standard patent.

To be eligible for an innovation patent protection your invention must:

  • involve novelty (be new); which means that the invention has not been publicly disclosed in any form, anywhere in the world before the earliest priority date (the date at which the application is first filed)
  • involve an innovative step; which means the invention is different from what is known before and the difference makes a substantial contribution to the working of the invention

A simple formalities check is conducted to ensure your application is in order. Generally, within 1 month you'll receive notification formally granting you an innovation patent (provided you with the filing fees are paid).

Please note that the innovation patent is granted without substantive examination. We do not assess whether the patent is valid, which may make it more difficult to sell or licence.

Filing the application

You can request a patent for your invention using eServices or by using a Patent Request form .

In order to keep the priority date of a provisional application, you need to apply for an innovation patent within 12 months of filing your provisional. If you have an overseas patent application (a convention application) and want similar protection in Australia, you will need to apply for your innovation patent within 12 months of filing your overseas application.


The purpose of a specification is to describe your invention.

It should contain as much detail as possible, including:

  • the technical features that are essential to the way your invention works
  • the best way or ways you know of putting your invention into practice
  • examples or drawings if they help describe the invention
  • end with claims that define your invention.

You can search for examples of specifications online through AusPat. AusPat will allow you to search by filters including patent application number or accepted patent numbers.

Stay tuned for Part No. 2 Drawing specification for a patent application in Australia

Australian Design and drafting helping clients all over from Australia for patent design and drafting needs. We have a strict NDA agreement that allows protecting innovator rights. Contact us for more details.

drafting service cad outsourcing

Importance of Quality Control for CAD Outsourcing

Are you looking for a CAD project to be outsourced? There are a lot of reasons to outsource. For example, if user have a big project that can't be completed within a given time. Or you've lost your valuable CAD engineer. Or when the company is facing "growing pains." Whatever may be the reason, outsourcing is one powerful tool for your company's requirements. It offers a scalable CAD team whenever you require it and whenever you don't need it.

The essential thing you need to determine is the CAD activity you require to outsource:

While each of these CAD Conversion activities requires different skill sets and skill levels, they all have in common the need for QC or quality control. Quality control is a process by which the organization reviews the quality with involvement in the production process under review. Additionally, the QC is practised in several different scenarios and business operations. The primary purpose of this paper that we discuss in QC is to apply to the various CAD Conversion processes.

What is CAD QC?

Quality control in CAD Conversion activities requires specified control, intelligent job management, defined processes, reliable performance, data integrity, and records maintenance. Our quality control personnel can perform CAD conversion that requires competence. It includes process skills, software knowledge, experience in the type of conversion needed, and other proven qualifications. It also adds up personal integrity, motivation and various desire to do a job in a better way.

There are lot of specific controls that need to be placed in a better way. It includes reviews for each converted file based on peers or superiors that do not involve in the actual conversion process. As customer reviews and feedback, we ensure that the customer's standards are met.

If you're seeking a particular type of conversion or a small project, you can find a single individual where the user can hire an outsource basis on their skills. However, get various CAD conversion jobs or any sophisticated service, including  converting 2D to 3D . If you have more than just drawings, you will contact better to find a company using varied experience. An internet search is a kind of place to start looking at.  

The quality of final converted files is at risk if any of these aspects is deficient.

Quality control in CAD conversion mainly emphasizes testing and then maintaining processes that guarantee conversion accuracy. Additionally, quality assurance especially ensures that  3D model  or BIM comes with an accurate CAD Perfect representation. To avoid or minimize the issues, users lead to problems during the construction of the building of the product.

QC is significant when we talk about the construction or manufacturing organization. It can outsource its CAD conversion to various CAD-CAM Conversion Service providers. For any outsourced or contract work, connect to us. Government agencies award us for our excellent quality control issues. We are among the top reasons not to renew a CAD Conversion contract.

At this time, it's not enough to have the CAD conversion service provider assurance. With the highest quality and accuracy, files are checked and rechecked. Another CAD conversion outsources company is dedicated to providing consistent and accurate work. It can process both in place to ensure that all CAD standards are followed, and all documents convert accurately.

When choosing the best CAD conversion, it can outsource companies based on their requirement. Especially if it's your first time for CAD outsourcing, it is essential to find outsourcing that one can trust. You can send your project assets, and we are here to guide you from scratch. We make sure you get the best quality results. We are available in Australia and provide excellent  CAD conversion services   around Sydney, Brisbane, Melbourne, Gold Coast and Perth.

3d Conversion Service

Workflow of Manufacturers benefited by the use of 3D CAD Conversion services

No matter what the industry is, it clearly shows that better workflows mean higher efficiency. It includes  manufacturing , and efficiency is vital to stay competitive. Several lots of manufacturing business owners caught up in the everyday running business. It may not pay sufficient attention to workflow improvement. Additionally, it comes with an inefficient workflow that can increase costs and affect overall profitability.

Some manufacturers have realised that outsourcing 3D CAD conversion  services  can improve their workflow and profitability. The  3D CAD  offers users the ability to look at apart from every possible angle and see precisely how one part relates to the other parts in an assembly. It has already begun to improve workflow by eliminating much of the trial-and-error part of the traditional manufacturing  process .

Combining that workflow improvement with fast communication via the Internet makes it possible to save significant time and improve final quality.

One Scenario

A customer requires a manufacturing company with  the 3D  file of the part. They should be tooled with a request for a quote. They mainly use a 3D CAD  conversion  service and a manufacturing firm. This makes external engineers and machinists immediately look at the part to determine if there are any problems machining or special considerations to be taken care of. They can edit, convert, and model the file right then and there. It helps in improving the workflow along with the efficiency of the process.

Choose a reliable 3D CAD Conversion Services that contact the customer via email or set up an online conference. With this, the customer can correct problems in real-time. It enables the manufacturing firm that stays focused on their core business with manufacturing. Here the customer and the conversion service help to solve the potential problems. This workflow type helps save days and perhaps profits in the manufacturing process.  

Another Scenario

If we look for a more traditional process, the shop receives a 2D print that the machinist must manually convert into G-code. The time helps to save, and other errors need to be eliminated. Instead of a picture, the shop receives a 3D file into a format compatible with its CAM  software  package.

Enter into an ongoing relationship along with a conversion service. Additionally, the manufacturing company helps to eliminate the need and see the 2D print. The manufacturing company includes a link on their website to a pre-approved  3D  CAD Conversion Service.

The workflow steps use the receipt of the 2D print for manufacturing-ready 3D files. It takes care of externally, and the machinist receives a file that he can work with directly. The customer is happy. The machinist is productive and set up for reducing hours to minutes. It is programming made by the machinist and is reduced to zero.

Mass Production

Mass production comes with producing large quantities of a product through a standardised process on a production line. Several different manufacturers and products use this type of manufacturing to create a better workflow. A CAD conversion service help with mass production by:Get ready to create a better workflow through outsourcing. Add a crucial part to each machine, and get the maximum amount of work possible. Our 3D models are used with 100%  accurate  and correct processes.

Create a workflow daily by making small changes that require to be made. Keep the model checking and conversion process separate as it helps in the manufacturing process.

We haven’t found any ideal sustainable workflow that satisfies the needs of your business forever. The customers change the process of manufacturing along with using 3D modelling. As a leading Australian Design and Drafting service company, we provide quality CAD conversion  services  in Brisbane, Perth, Melbourne, Sydney, and Gold Coast.


2D and 3D Layout of SOLIDWORKS

Create a fast and accurate design by using the electrical cabinet of ducts and  rails  for routing of wires & cables. It’s mainly used for mounting other components. It primarily represents 2D line art symbols and  SOLIDWORKS  parts in 3D. The 2D symbol is connected along with manufacturer data by using the database. However, the manufacturer’s database comes with several standard ones. Additionally, one needs to add a custom one and better applicable requirements.

If we look at creating a 3D part, it will adjust the length and profile dimensions which suit our needs better than stock size. Also, to begin with, several rules need to be observed, such as the ability of the  software  to make the adjustments depending on it.

Also, the base configuration is named EW_CONFIG. The name changed by default configured from “Default” to “EW_CONFIG” when the part is first created. The base sketch mainly uses the base extrusion named “EW_SKETCH”.

The base extrusion feature is called “EW_EXTRUDE”. The dimension for the base extrusion is known as “EW_DEPTH”. It is critical to make an adjustable length and use the Change Length command. In our profile sketch, the height and width of the profile should have their dimensions called “EW_WIDTH” and “EW_HEIGHT”.

It adds the format parts on insertion that need mate references named “throwback” with a single face. It mounts other parts and the top and front faces called “trewrail35”. They are mainly used to create the Electrical Component Wizard. Open a new position in SOLIDWORKS by setting the configuration name as “EW_CONFIG”. Also, create a 2D sketch and profile with dimensions for the height and width.

revit to autocad

how to convert Revit to Autocad OB体育ob体育官网

Revit 2015 Exporting to AutoCAD OB体育ob体育官网.

If you want to convert 3D Revit to 3D Autocad OB体育ob体育官网, we have a simple and easy process.

Open a Revit model, click on the Application menu, Export CAD format, then select  dwg  from the export.

  • In the  CAD Formats menu, click on the three dots that open as modify OB体育ob体育官网/DXF export setup from the display dialogue box.
  • Click on the Solids tab> Select ACIS solids, then click Next.
  • Again, click on Next to continue.
  • A dialogue box appears that define the folder that looks like a new OB体育ob体育官网. Give an appropriate name that you like to add. Now, click on OK and proceed with the conversion.
  • On the lower-left side, you would see the Revit screen that shows the status bar for the progress of the conversion. As soon as it’s done, you’ll notice a new OB体育ob体育官网.
  • Additionally, keep in mind that the Revit to  OB体育ob体育官网 files  conversion would make the file larger, more than 50MB Revit convert into 70MB OB体育ob体育官网.
  • Now it’s time you can edit the converted file. Also, keep a note that objects are AutoCAD solids.

We are one of the leading Australian Design and Drafting service companies that provides quality  CAD Conversion   services  around Brisbane, Melbourne, Sydney, Perth, and Gold Coast.

The process is, first select dwg from the export. CAD Formats menu.

revit to autocad convert drawing

Then select the button to the right of Export Setup.

autocad dwg1

In the Dialogue box, change the load Layer Standards, to any standard you want. You also change other settings on the remaining Tabs.

autocad dwg2

autocad dwg3

autocad dwg4


When complete select ok

In the next dialogue box change the Export field to  and the Show in the list to Views in Model and all the views will appear in the dialogue box so that you can select the ones you wish to export

autocad dwg5

The final part of the process is to choose the location where you wish to save the OB体育ob体育官网 files and select OK

autocad dwg6

Australian Design and Drafting provides quality CAD Conversion   services around Brisbane, Melbourne, Sydney, Perth, Gold Coast.

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